The Pro-Filer Skate Sharpener Review
The Pro-Filer is a hand sharpening kit for ice skating blades. Because I once had a "professional" sharpening ruin a pair of blades, I've since been suspicious of sharpening services offered through a rink. I sought a way to do it myself, and I read about the Pro-Filer hand sharpener on the old rec.sport.skating.ice.recreational newsgroup on the Internet.
I've been using this system to sharpen my figure skates since 2002 with good results. I initially purchased a 3/8" radius of hollow to start with. That proved to be too extreme for my skill level back in 2002 and I couldn't do hockey stops. I later purchased the 1/2" radius Pro-Filer kit and found it suitable, but as my skills progressed over the years, I returned to a 3/8" sharpening. The only other radius option from Pro-Filer is an aggressive 5/16" radius that is said to be suitable for thinner dance blades. The slot opening for the blade in my two sharpeners is fixed for freestyle blade thickness, so I don't know how these work with thinner dance blades. It may take extra layers of tape on the side of the blade to shim them to fit.
Each kit comes with two cylindrical grind stones captured in extruded aluminum guides. One stone is advertised to be a diamond abrasive for the rough cut, and the other stone is a finishing stone to remove the minor grooving left by the first one.
The kit also contains a flat stone for removing burrs from the side of the blade, packaged together with cutting fluid (older kits contained a thin cutting oil), a wiping cloth and masking tape to protect the side of the blade. I've found that ordinary Scotch Magic Tape works better than the masking tape. It has a smoother surface and the sharpener glides easier over the Scotch tape.
It takes about an 1/2 hour to one hour for me to do a pair of skates. I sharpen about once or twice each month when I'm skating regularly. If I sharpened more frequently, it would probably take a little less time to do.
Here are some pictures of the 1/2" radius kit sold around 2004. Click on a thumbnail to see a larger version.
|Kit contents (slightly used)||Rough and fine stones||End view of stones|
|Diamond abrasive surface|
A coarse diamond abrasive is adhered to a thick-wall steel tube seen in the end view of the diamond stone. The fine stone is a solid cylinder of an abrasive substance. It must be used with a lubricant such as the supplied honing fluid.
I tape the sides of the skate blades about 1/8" down from the skating edge to protect the blade's finish from the sharpener. I use Scotch tape instead of the masking tape supplied in the kit because it lets the sharpener glide easier.
<--Click thumbnails to enlarge the pictures
Next I slide the flat stone along the flat side of the blade to remove burrs caused by nicks. Then I put a drop of the supplied honing fluid on the round diamond stone sharpener, and slide it with moderate force along the blade for about a dozen times. I rotate the stone in the holder (to distribute wear), add a drop of fluid, and make another dozen passes over the blade. Repeat until the edge feels sharp again. When it gets too messy, use a paper towel to clean the blade.
On average, I use the diamond stone for about 5-10 minutes, then clean the blade with a paper towel, and switch to the fine stone for another 5-10 minutes. You will get messy fingers. The cutting fluid carries away the removed material, and it gets very black. Don't wear your finest clothes. Note: Since the cutting fluid mixed with metal shavings is abrasive, prickly, and tedious to clean afterwards, I now wear a latex glove on my sharpening hand.
A scan of the
for the Pro-Filer can be found here.
If you're patient, this system might be a reasonable substitute for professional sharpening - especially if you have no choice. If you are mechanically challenged, this might not be the system for you. Seek a professional skate sharpener in whom you have trust. However, the Pro-Filer works fine for me.
Note also that they are designed to work with flat-sided blades. I don't know how they would manage to work with blades that have a "parabolic" profile, or other unusual treatment. I doubt that it's practical to use with them.
Here's a link to the web site of the company (Edge Specialties, Inc.). They sell directly to the consumer.
Footnote 1: Metal Removal Rate
I was curious about how much material is removed by the Pro-Filer during a sharpening, so I performed an experiment to measure the rate of metal removal. I hadn't sharpened my skates for several months (from August through mid-October of 2003 while skating about 10 hours per week) so the edges were very dull to the touch. These blades were ideal for an experiment to measure the rate of metal removal.
I taped the edges of the skate for sharpening, and made a mark so that I knew where to take measurements during sharpening.
2 hours (right skate) -
(This is much longer than
usual in order to produce
|0.003 inch||0.004 inch*
*about the thickness
I began sharpening with the 1/2" ROH diamond stone, taking measurements periodically over a two-hour period with a Starrett 1-inch micrometer. I measured the blade section to the edges and to the inside of the hollow. I used a steel ball bearing (0.173 dia.) to reach into the hollow and merely subtracted 0.173 from the total reading to find the distance to the hollow.
When I was finished with the fine stone (determined by a good sharp feel to the edge of the blade), the blade had 0.003 inch removed from the overall section to the edges, and 0.004 removed from the hollow. It makes sense that the hollow needs more metal removed because the edges wear down more compared to the hollow. Calculations show that the worn blade's ROH had effectively become a shallow 1" radius before sharpening.
The starting blade section was 0.797 inch, and after sharpening it was 0.794 inch. It would take quite a few sharpening sessions like this one to remove significant material from the blade to change its rocker geometry or to wear it out.
Footnote 2: Maintains the Original Rocker Shape
I still have the same Coronation Ace ice skating blades after 4-1/2 years. A friend bought a new pair of Coronation Ace blades over the summer of 2006. I was curious how my skate blades, after 4-1/2 years, had maintained their rocker using the Pro-Filer hand sharpening. We traced our blades onto a sheet of paper to compare their shape. Using Photoshop, I brought the two tracings together for comparison and the results are shown below.
Click on the small pictures below to view a larger version...
The other person's skate blades had been machine sharpened about 3 times since new. The tracings are very close and within about one pencil line of each other. On my blades, I had done dozens of hand sharpening using the Pro-Filer plus two machine sharpenings (once when new, and another time when I sent the boots for rebuilding). There isn't much difference between my old blades, and the the new blades. In fact, when a difference is detectable, the other person's blades are starting to show signs of having a flattened rocker from just three machine sharpenings.
Footnote 3: Updated Kit Contents
A new kit!
I purchased another 3/8" Pro-Filer to replace my well-worn old set. Having been used regularly over the past 9 years, the coarse diamond stone had lost its ability to remove metal efficiently, and sharpening sessions were taking too much time.
Having a fresh coarse diamond stone was a considerable improvement. Sharpening times to raise a slight burr on the edge were shortened by a factor of 3. It was well worth it. The new set, while costing more than what I paid 9 years ago, now includes a zippered carrying case.
Note that replacement stone inserts are sold separately, but it isn't that much additional money to just replace the whole kit.
Here are some photos of the new carrying case and of the 3/8" ROH sharpeners. The 3/8" kit is anodized with a distinctive color.
|New carrying case (click to enlarge)||Inside the case|
|Diamond (coarse) stone||Fine stone|
Footnote 4: New 7/16" ROH is said to be available (but see note below)
The Pro-Filer is advertised to be available in a new 7/16" radius of hollow (ROH).
Halfway between 1/2" and 3/8" ROH, this is a very common sharpening radius among figure skaters.
NOTE: When I ordered the 7/16" kit, I got a call from Brad Anderson telling me that it's essentially the same as the 3/8" kit. He said that there's only a tiny 0.001" difference between the hollow made by the 3/8" and the 7/16" on most skate blades. I didn't check his math, but decided that I'd just make do with what I had. I really didn't need another 3/8" kit.
(Added 5/2014, note added 12/2014)
updated June 2, 2014